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Compiling or estimating the numbers of deaths and wounded caused during wars and other violent conflicts is a controversial subject.
Historians often put forward many different estimates of the numbers killed and wounded during World War II. When scholarly sources differ on the number of deaths in a country, a range of war losses is given, in order to inform readers that the death toll is disputed. Since casualty statistics are sometimes disputed the footnotes to this article present the different estimates by official governmental sources as well as historians.
Military figures include battle deaths KIA and personnel missing in action MIAas well as fatalities due to accidents, disease and deaths of prisoners of war in captivity. Civilian casualties include deaths caused by strategic bombingHolocaust victimsGerman war crimesJapanese war crimespopulation transfers in the Soviet UnionAllied war crimesand deaths due to war related famine and disease.
The sources for the casualties of the individual nations do not use the same methods, and civilian deaths due to starvation and disease make up a large proportion of the civilian deaths in China and the Soviet Union.
The losses listed here are actual deaths; hypothetical losses due to a decline in births are not included with the total dead. The distinction between military and civilian casualties caused directly by warfare and collateral damage is not always clear-cut.
For nations that suffered huge losses such as the Soviet Union, China, Poland, Germany, and Yugoslavia, sources can give only the total estimated population loss caused by the war and a rough estimate of the breakdown of deaths caused by military activity, crimes against humanity and war-related famine.The Second World War was the quintessential total war of modernity.
 On the Road to Total War: The American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification, – (Cambridge University Press, ). Hewitson, Mark. "Princes’ Wars, Wars of the People, or Total War?
Mass Armies and the Question of a Military Revolution. The Humble community has contributed over $ million to charity since , making an amazing difference to causes all over the world. All books are in good condition or better and are hardback unless indicated.
Book descriptions are as follows: fine (showing little use), very good +, very good (shows some use), good + . Sep 16, · For the Western Allies in Europe as example, World War Two was a total war because it was aimed at overthrowing the German government.
The . World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history in absolute terms of total alphabetnyc.com 60 million people were killed, which was about 3% of the world population (est.
billion). Statistics of military wounded are available for the major combatants.
US and world military spending and budgets are very high, almost back to Cold War levels.