Structure[ edit ] Crime and Punishment has a distinct beginning, middle and end.
The text argues that Raskolnikov is largely an agent of Left Hegelianism created by Dostoevsky to illustrate a philosophy that the author opposed. That philosophy, Left Hegelianism, held that ultimately all reality is subjectable to rational categorization, an idea that grew into a movement that was partially responsible for rampant atheism, anarchism, and terrorism in 19th century Russia.
Although scholars have explored many of the themes in Crime and Punishment, almost all have overlooked Hegelianism as a major source of inspiration for Dostoevsky. This research is important because one of the essential sources of inspiration for an incredibly influential author is mostly absent from analytical texts.
This project illuminates one largely unexplored area of thought from a major source of our modern culture. Petersburg, and the mental anguish that tortures Raskolnikov as he comes to terms with his crime.
Like most of Dostoevsky's work, this novel includes an underlying moral message and reveals facets of the author's own psyche and history. This paper explores one of those facets: Georg Hegel's influence on Dostoevsky's thought.
Dostoevsky first began exploring Hegelianism in association with his intense interest in German Romanticism. Shortly thereafter, inthe Russian government strictly enforced its stance on potential terrorist groups and Dostoevsky was exiled to a Siberian prison.
Ultimately, as a result of association with these groups and his experiences both during and directly following his incarceration, Dostoevsky came to sympathize less with leftist progressivism and to rely more on a Christian moral foundation. Crime and Punishment was both Dostoevsky's response to Hegelian sentiments of the s and warning to the radicals of the s about the possible negative influences of their ethics.
This paper will begin with the historical context of Dostoevsky's work in connection with Hegelian philosophy, so that the reason for Dostoevsky's critique may be more fully understood.
It will continue with a juxtaposition between Hegel's philosophy and the key sections of Crime and Punishment that parallel Hegelianism, so that the reader may clearly see the correlations. Finally, it will end with an examination of those views opposing the idea that Crime and Punishment represents a reaction to Hegelianism, offering a case for why these views, while understandable, are inaccurate.
Dostoevsky's encounters with Hegelian social groups early in his career allowed him to explore his fascination with German Romanticism, but he later found Christianity more engaging following his incarceration in Siberia. One of the first and most influential philosophical leaders with whom Dostoevsky engaged was Vissarion Belinsky, a well-known critic of Russian literature at that time.
However, during this time Belinsky was swiftly adopting the very values of German Romanticism that discomforted Dostoevsky: Although Dostoevsky wrote that he viewed Belinsky as an impassioned philosophical guide who effectively indoctrinated him into new Socialist thought, the author soon found Belinsky's ethics troubling.
Whereas Socialism was potentially compatible with Christian morals, Left Hegelianism encouraged anti-Christian sentiments, which Dostoevsky opposed. Dostoevsky disliked Belinsky's philosophy; however, he disliked Mikhail Petrashevsky's form of Left Hegelian atheism even more.
Belinsky impressed Dostoevsky, who viewed the critic's negative outbursts as genuine concern for Russian people, but Petrashevsky's cold sarcasm and scorn contributed to Dostoevsky's further move away from ideologies such as Hegelianism to an aggressively Christian moral code.
Initially, Dostoevsky held several reasons to shift from Belinsky's social circle to Petrashevsky's. Neither the Petrashevsky circle nor Petrashevsky himself satisfied Dostoevsky's intellectual or ethical appetites. But Dostoevsky's experience with the Petrashevsky circle ultimately facilitated his decision to oppose Russian progressivism, especially in association with Left Hegelianism, for another reason.
Association with the Petrashevsky group resulted in his Siberian incarceration two years later, after the government executed a raid versus radical groups in Crime and Punishment is a story of the forces that impel the soul toward sin and ultimately, redemption.
NOW THEN, DISCLAIMER: I have done such a pitiful job of even scratching the surface of what this novel has to offer. When Crime and Punishment was first published in a conservative journal called, The Russian Messenger, it was criticized by liberal thinkers. They accused Dostoevsky of using Rodya to make the younger generation of .
Before the story of Raskolnikov’s crime took centre stage, Dostoevsky’s man’ theory emerges in a in Crime and Punishment, and the nature of the. Humiliated and Insulted was similarly secular; only at the end of the s, beginning with the publication of Crime and Punishment, did Dostoyevsky's religious themes resurface.
The works Dostoyevsky published in the s .
In Crime and Punishment, Fyodor Dostoevsky relates the story of Rodion Raskolnikov, a man who murders a pawnbroker in St. Petersburg, and the mental anguish that tortures Raskolnikov as he comes to terms with his crime.
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoevsky This by Dostoevsky: “He was one of ourselves, a man of nature, and, but for.