An official cablegram from the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to the UN Secretary-General on 15 May stated publicly that Arab Governments found "themselves compelled to intervene for the sole purpose of restoring peace and security and establishing law and order in Palestine" Clause 10 e. Further in Clause 10 e: The remainder of the Mandate consisted of Jordan, the area that came to be called the West Bank controlled by Jordanand the Gaza Strip controlled by Egypt. Prior to and during this conflict, Palestinian Arabs fled their original lands to become Palestinian refugeesin part due to a promise from Arab leaders that they would be able to return when the war had been won, and also in part due to attacks on Palestinian villages and towns by Israeli forces and Jewish militant groups.
They have resulted in enormous political change and territorial and military developments, both regionally and internationally.
On 14 MayBritain relinquished its mandate over Palestine following a UN resolution from the previous year that called for the partitioning of the territory between the Arabs and the Jews. Britain had emerged from the Second World war exhausted and war-weary and lacking the funds to maintain control of its colonial possessions.
The first war between Israel and Arab forces The partition plan was accepted by the Zionist settlers who declared Israel as an independent state. Many settlers were refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe, along with others who had fought against Germany in the Second World war.
All Arab countries, including Palestine, rejected the plan and declared their determination to destroy any creation of Israel in the heart of Arab land. Faced by unanimous opposition, Britain refused to implement it and set 15 May as the date for ending its mandate.
The Israelis, fighting for the existence of their new state against a poorly coordinated Arab front, proved the stronger force.
Invasion collapses The advancing Trans-Jordanian Arab Legion managed to link up with the Egyptians near Bethlehem, but the fierce counter offensive staged by the Israelis led to the collapse of the invasion.
Arab-Israeli fighting continued up to January when an armistice agreement was finally forged in July of that year. More than Arab villages were destroyed and the centre of Palestinian life shifted to the Arab towns of the eastern region, later called the West Bank, thus starting the plight of the huge number of displaced Arabs.
The number of Arabs within newly created Israel was cut from abouttoMany inhabitants fled in the face of the Israeli counter attack.
The war was brought to an end with individual armistice agreements between Israel and the four Arab countries. Events leading up to the hostilities started when Nasir struck an arms deal with Czechoslovakia — a move that worried Great Britain and the US who viewed it as a shift towards closer ties with the Soviet Union.
In the ongoing tit-for-tat, Nasir nationalised the Suez Canal, a vital waterway, replacing the private Anglo-French company. Great Britain saw the conflict as a means to regain lost ground. France, Britain and Israel engineered a secret plan whereby Israel would seize the canal.
Britain and France would then demand the withdrawal of both Israel and Egypt from the canal zone.
If Egypt refused, as expected, Britain and France would intervene and force the Egyptians out. It was passed on 2 November. While the ultimatum to Israel and Egypt had been ignored as expected, British and French troops were busy trying to take control of the canal zone.
On 6 Novemberthe US threatened to cancel vital loans to Britain and the French and hostilities ended. A ceasefire came into effect and a UN emergency force was stationed in the area; the Suez was returned to Egypt.
While Nasir lost the war in military terms, he gained politically.arab-israeli wars Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in and the establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in , there have been four major Arab-Israeli wars (, , , and ) and numerous intermittent battles.
Arab-Israeli wars: Arab-Israeli wars, series of military conflicts between Israeli and various Arab forces, most notably in –49, , , , , and These include Israel’s War of Independence and the Palestinian Nakbah, the Suez Crisis, the Six-Day War, the Yom Kippur War, and two wars in Lebanon.
The Arab–Israeli War, or the Israeli War of Independence, was fought between the newly declared State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states over the control of former British Palestine, forming the second and final stage of the –49 Palestine war.
[original research?] It is also known as the First Arab–Israeli War. There had been tension and conflict between the Arabs. CAIRO: Sudan is officially angered by a new Egyptian drama series ‘Abu Omar al-Masri’ and is calling for banning it on television channels during Ramadan.
The Arabs would face an Israeli military feared for its armor and air power. On the ground, IDF forces were headed by well-armored Centurion and M tanks as well as “Super Shermans,” revved-up versions of the World War II classic with 75mm or mm high-velocity cannons.
Major Israeli Wars Many people consider the following four military initiatives to have been the most significant in Israel's modern history: