See Article History Alternative Title: Cleveland distinguished himself as one of the few truly honest and principled politicians of the Gilded Age. For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America.
Unable to afford a college education, he worked as a teacher in a school for the blind in New York City and then as a clerk in a law firm in Buffalo, New York. After clerking for several years, Cleveland passed the state bar examination in He started his own law firm in Cleveland did not fight in the American Civil War ; when the Conscription Act was passed inhe paid a Polish immigrant to serve in his place.
During his two-year term, he carried out the death sentence by hanging of three convicted murderers. Inhe returned to his law practice. He was persuaded to run for mayor of Buffalo in as a reformer of a corrupt city government.
He won the election and took office in His reputation as an opponent of machine politics grew so rapidly that he was asked to run as the Democratic candidate for governor of New York.
Cleveland became governor in January He was so opposed to unnecessary government spending that he vetoed eight bills sent up by the legislature in his first two months in office.
But while Cleveland was popular with the voters, he made enemies within his own party, particularly the powerful Tammany Hall political machine in New York City.
However, he won the respect of New York state assemblyman and future U. Cleveland was soon regarded as presidential material. First Term in the White House: The presidential campaign was ugly: Blaine of Mainewas implicated in several financial scandals, while Cleveland was involved in a paternity case in which admitted that he had paid child support in to a woman who claimed he was the father of her child.
In spite of the scandal, Cleveland won the election with the support of the Mugwumps, Republicans who considered Blaine corrupt.
Once in office, Cleveland continued the policy of his predecessor, Chester Arthurin basing political appointments on merit rather than party affiliation. He tried to reduce government spending, using the veto more often than any other president up to that point.
Cleveland was a noninterventionist in foreign policy and fought to have protective tariffs lowered. Although Cleveland was not the first president to marry while in office, he is the only one who had the ceremony in the White House.
At age 21, Frances became the youngest first lady in U.
The Clevelands would go on to have five children. The tariff issue came back to haunt Cleveland in the presidential election of Senator Benjamin Harrison of Indiana won the election, in large part because of heavy turnout by voters in the industrial states of the Northeast who saw their jobs threatened by lower tariffs.
Cleveland even lost his home state of New York in that election. He returned to New York City and took a position in a law firm for the next four years. Second Term in the White House: President Harrison, whose wife, Caroline Harrisonwas dying of tuberculosis, did not campaign personally, and Cleveland followed suit.
Cleveland won the election, in part because voters had changed their minds about high tariffs and also because Tammany Hall decided to throw its support behind him. The Panic of began with a railroad bankruptcy in Februaryfollowed rapidly by bank failures, a nationwide credit crisis, a stock market crash and the failures of three more railroads.
Unemployment rose to 19 percent, and a series of strikes crippled the coal and transportation industries in The American economy did not recover untilwhen the Klondike gold rush in the Yukon touched off a decade of rapid growth. Cleveland was inconsistent in his social views.
On the one hand, he opposed discrimination against Chinese immigrants in the West. On the other hand, he did not support equality for African Americans or voting rights for women, and he thought Native Americans should assimilate into mainstream society as quickly as possible rather than preserve their own cultures.
He also became unpopular with organized labor when he used federal troops to crush the Pullman railroad strike in Cleveland was an honest and hard-working president but he is criticized for being unimaginative and having no overarching vision for American society.
Opposed to using legislation to bring about social change, he is best known for strengthening the executive branch of the federal government in relation to Congress.
Final Years By the fall ofCleveland had become unpopular with some factions in his own party. Other Democrats, however, wanted him to run for a third term, as there was no term limit for presidents at that time. Cleveland declined, and former U.
Representative William Jennings Bryan of Nebraska won the nomination.Grover Cleveland (), who served as the 22nd and 24th U.S. president, was known as a political reformer. He is the only president to date who served two nonconsecutive terms, and also the. Watch video · Grover Cleveland (), who served as the 22nd and 24th U.S.
president, was known as a political reformer.
He is the only president to . In his youth, no one would have thought it likely that Stephen Grover Cleveland would become President of the United States. He was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, on March 18, , the fifth of nine children. His father, the Reverend Richard Cleveland, was a nearly impoverished, Yale-educated.
He was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, on March 18, , the fifth of nine children. His father, the Reverend Richard Cleveland, was a nearly impoverished, Yale-educated Presbyterian minister.
Grover spent his boyhood in the central New York towns of Fayetteville and . Grover Cleveland, the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, is the only President in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office. A Democrat, he became the president in an era when American politics was dominated by Republican political alphabetnyc.com Of Birth: Caldwell.
Early life and career. Cleveland was the son of Richard Falley Cleveland, an itinerant Presbyterian minister, and Ann Neal. The death of Grover Cleveland’s father in forced him to abandon school in order to support his mother and sisters.