The size and complexity of the Navy demands standard methods for filing paperwork.
Background[ edit ] The Articles of Confederationratified by the colonies incontained the clause, "The United States in Congress assembled shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective states—fixing the standards of weights and measures throughout the United States".
Article 1, section 8, of the Constitution of the United Statestransferred this power to Congress; "The Congress shall have power To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights standard business reporting atomic credit measures".
In JanuaryPresident George Washingtonin his first annual message to Congress stated that, "Uniformity in the currency, weights, and measures of the United States is an object of great importance, and will, I am persuaded, be duly attended to", and ordered Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson to prepare a plan for Establishing Uniformity in the Coinage, Weights, and Measures of the United Statesafterwards referred to as the Jefferson report.
On October 25,Washington appealed a third time to Congress, "A uniformity of the weights and measures of the country is among the important objects submitted to you by the Constitution and if it can be derived from a standard at once invariable and universal, must be no less honorable to the public council than conducive to the public convenience", but it was not untilthat a uniform set of standards was worked out.
InJohn Quincy Adams had declared "Weights and measures may be ranked among the necessities of life to every individual of human society". Southard R, Ohiothe National Bureau of Standards was founded with the mandate to provide standard weights and measures, and to serve as the national physical laboratory for the United States.
Southard had previously sponsored a bill for metric conversion of the United States. Stratton as the first director.
The Bureau took custody of the copies of the kilogram and meter bars that were the standards for US measures, and set up a program to provide metrology services for United States scientific and commercial users.
A laboratory site was constructed in Washington, DCand instruments were acquired from the national physical laboratories of Europe.
In addition to weights and measures, the Bureau developed instruments for electrical units and for measurement of light. In a meeting was called that would be the first "National Conference on Weights and Measures".
Initially conceived as purely a metrology agency, the Bureau of Standards was directed by Herbert Hoover to set up divisions to develop commercial standards for materials and products. Quality standards were developed for products including some types of clothing, automobile brake systems and headlamps, antifreezeand electrical safety.
During World War Ithe Bureau worked on multiple problems related to war production, even operating its own facility to produce optical glass when European supplies were cut off.
Between the wars, Harry Diamond of the Bureau developed a blind approach radio aircraft landing system. During the Second World War, military research and development was carried out, including development of radio propagation forecast methods, the proximity fuze and the standardized airframe used originally for Project Pigeonand shortly afterwards the autonomously radar-guided Bat anti-ship guided bomb and the Kingfisher family of torpedo-carrying missiles.
A mass spectrometer in use at the NBS in The computer went into operation in May using a combination of vacuum tubes and solid-state diode logic. The institute's official mission is to: About 1, NIST associates guest researchers and engineers from American companies and foreign countries complement the staff.Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Casio Men's WVMDJ-7 Solar Atomic Metal Watch at alphabetnyc.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.
Scope of part. (a) This part— (1) Defines words and terms that are frequently used in the FAR; (2) Provides cross-references to other definitions in the FAR of the same word or term; and.
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