December 15, Proposals Due:
As conceived by Dawkins, a meme is a unit of cultural meaning, such as an idea or a value, that is passed from one generation to another. When asked to assess this comparison, Lauren Ancel Meyers, a biology professor at the University of Texas, states that "memes spread through online social networks similarly to the way diseases do through offline populations".
The printing press provided an easy way to copy written texts instead of handwritten manuscripts. A study of United States newspapers in the s found human interest, "news you can use" stories and listicles though that term had not been invented circulated nationally as local papers mailed copies to each other and selected content for reprinting.
Urban legends also began as word-of-mouth memes. Like hoaxes, they are examples of falsehoods that people swallow, and, like them, often achieve broad public notoriety. Internet meme The creation of the Internet enabled users to select and share content with each other electronically, providing new, faster, and more democratically controlled channels for spreading memes.
Email forwards are essentially text memes, often including jokes, hoaxes, email scamswritten versions of urban legends, political messages, and digital chain letters; if widely forwarded they might be called "viral emails". These memes are created with Impact fonta popular understand of an "Internet meme".
Video-sharing websites like YouTube made viral videos possible. It is sometimes difficult to predict which images and videos will "go viral" with widespread sharing; sometimes the creation of an Internet celebrity is a sudden surprise. One of the first documented viral videos is " Numa Numa ", the webcam video of thenyear-old Gary Brolsma singing and dancing to Romanian pop song " Dragostea Din Tei ".
Other mimicry memes carried by Internet media include hashtagslanguage variations like intentional misspellings, and fads like planking. The popularity and widespread distribution of Internet memes have gotten the attention of advertisers, creating the field of viral marketing.
A person, group, or company that wants a lot of fast, cheap publicity might create a hashtag, image, or video designed to go viral; many such attempts are unsuccessful, but the few posts that "go viral" generate a lot of publicity.
Evaluation by commentators[ edit ] Some social commentators have a negative view of "viral" content, though others are neutral or celebrate the democratization of content as compared to the gatekeepers of older media.
The authors of Spreadable Media: Creating Value and Meaning in a Networked Culture wrote: Or a tune that gets into your head that you keep on humming all day until you spread it to someone else.
No matter how smart we get, there is always this deep irrational part that makes us potential hosts for self-replicating information. For example, the social scientist Jan van Dijk warns of new vulnerabilities that arise when network society encounters "too much connectivity".
The proliferation of global transport networks makes this model of society susceptible to the spreading of biological diseases.
Digital networks become volatile under the destructive potential of computer viruses and worms.Regulation S-X, Article 11 Pro forma financial information.
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