Khuzestan's Elamites were "precursors of the royal Persians", and were "the founders of the first Iranian empire in the geographic sense.
The predominant ecosystems of the Middle East are desert and dry grassland see Climates and Biomes. Southwest Asia can be divided into six parts: The region of Caucasia is also known as "the Caucasus". The historic region of Mesopotamia is roughly equivalent to modern Iraq.
Palestine encompasses the region of modern Israel and the Palestinian Territories. Palestine is sometimes referred to as Canaan or "the Holy Land". Throughout Essential Humanities, the term Central Asia denotes all of the -stan nations except Pakistan which is grouped with South Asia.
One key region of Central Asia is northern Kazakhstan, whose climate is relatively wet compared with most of the Middle Eastgiving rise to vast plains of wet grassland.
Indeed, northern Kazakhstan forms part of the vast Eurasian Steppe, whose endless grassland set the region on a unique historical path see History of the Steppe. In reference to this culture, the southern half of Mesopotamia is sometimes called " Sumer " or "Sumeria".
In addition to water, fishing, and transportation, rivers provided these elder civilizations with rich agricultural land. Rivers are formed when rainwater flows down from regions of high elevation. Over millions of years, a river will carve a valley out of the land it traverses; such a valley is called a river valley.
The other main types are "glacial valleys", formed by sliding glaciers, and "rift valleys", formed by shifting tectonic plates. The first part of a river typically lies high in mountainous terrain, where the water flows rapidly downward in a relatively narrow channel.
Upon leaving the mountains, a river slows down and widens as it passes through flatter, lower-elevation land. This land is prone to flooding by the river in times of exceptional rainfall. Since flooding deposits nutrient-rich mud, oft-flooded land known as floodplains makes excellent farmland.
The most recent glacial period drew to an end ca. As the global climate subsequently warmed, Southwest Asia witnessed the development of agricultural life see The Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages. Within a few millennia, the floodplains of the Tigris and Euphrates were dotted with farming settlements.
Naturally, as these communities grew, so did their demand for food and goods; in response, efforts were made to expand food production e. These efforts compelled an enormous variety of innovations, the most fundamental of which included writing, mathematics, and smelting.The Bahá'í Library Online: Bahai articles, books, translations, but I only came to understand the story when I knew a great deal more about the history and culture of Iran and the Islamic Middle East.
Islam is tolerably familiar to well-read Western Baha’is, who have taken to heart Shoghi Effendi’s dictum that it is necessary for Baha. Iran is often a hotspot in the news, and the Muslim state is usually negatively portrayed in the West.
Culture and Customs of Iran rejects facile stereotyping and presents the rich, age-old Persian culture that struggles with pressures of the modern world.
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This work is meant to provide a guide to the freshwater fishes of Iran. There are no modern keys to this fauna, some available books are incomplete or cursory treatments or outdated, and the detailed and diverse scientific literature is widely scattered in time, languages and journals.
To best appreciate the ethnic complexity and cultural history of the Middle East, it is necessary to know a little about the physical and human geography of the region. The term "North Africa" referred to the Arab countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya; "the Middle East," on the other hand, referred to Egypt (which is geographically located in North Africa) as well as the rest of the Arab countries to the east plus Israel, Turkey, and Iran. India - Discovering the Wonder that is India, Know about India including its History, Geography, Culture, Governance, Economy, Science & Technology, Travel & Tourism.
An Introduction to the Middle East Understand the basics of the Middle East quickly and objectively: Geography, people, demographics, politics, and history before and after Islam, with emphasis on demystifying the region, eliminating stereotypes and providing illuminating context for issues of the day.
Today, the “Middle East” is defined as an area, which extends from the Atlantic Ocean (west) to Afghanistan (east).
More specifically, it covers an approximate distance of 5, kilometers. It has an overall population of approximately million people and surrounds the countries of Turkey.